A mercury-free, direct filling
alternative for conventional dental amalgams is being developed at the National Institute
of Standards and Technology. The new restorative process uses metallic powders in a form that is easily applied to prepared tooth cavities by dentists using treatment procedures very similar to those in current practices.
The dental material project is a collaborative effort between government and industry. The National Institute of Dental Research is contributing support for the program through the American Dental Association Health Foundation's Center for Excellence. The ADAHF maintains the Paffenbarger Research Center at NIST.A dental materials manufacturer, Dentsply
International, Milford, Del., has a cooperative research and development agreement with NIST to help develop the new mercury-free restorative material.
The new restorative process is based on NIST
electrochemical powder technology. The technique was invented by David S. Lashmore, leader of the NIST Electrodeposition Group, and Moshe P Dariel, guest scientist from the David Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel.
"The mercury-free dental material
project offers us an opportunity to transfer technology developed at NIST to industry and meet a national need," said Lashmore.
He points out that the mercury content of amalgams used
in the overwhelming majority of dental restoratives continues to raise concern with regard to their long-term effect on public health and the environment. The new alloy will help reduce the amount of mercury dispersed in the environment by dental waste.
Joyce Reese, NIDR program director for
Biomaterials, Pulp Biology and Dental Implants, notes that although there is no scientific evidence linking mercury in amalgam to systemic diseases, the new NIST mercury-free, dental restorative material
meets an important objective of the National Institute of Dental Research to find alternative materials for conventional dental amalgams.
Lashmore said that the principal goal of the NIST
research has been to develop a high-performance, mercury-free alloy that will consolidate at body temperature in prepared tooth cavities.
The material involves the use of biocompatible metallic powders such as silver-coated tin. These pairs of metals undergo fast diffusion or combine to form an in-situ intermetallic compound at body temperature.
The treatment of tooth cavities is quite simple.
The dental practitioner will mix the coated powders with an activating, biocompatible liquid to form a slurry. The mixture is then pressed into a prepared filling with conventional dental instruments.
After compaction, the material hardens into a strong, mercury-free dental alloy.
Lashmore explains that even though silver and tin are
the principal ingredients, investigations are being conducted with other
formulations that may contain copper, gold, or small amounts of other inert materials such as silver, alumina and silicon carbide. He emphasizes that all of the materials under study are free from mercury, indium or gallium, which are commonly used today in dental amalgams.
According to Lashmore, the new direct filling
restorative material could be in dental offices within three years. It will be tested both at NIST and by independent dental research laboratories before undergoing review by the Food and Drug Administration.
As a non-regulatory agency of the Commerce
Department's Technology Administration, NIST promotes U.S. economic growth by working with industry to develop and apply technology, measurements and standards.
NOTE TO EDITORS: NIST which was established in 1901 as the National Bureau of Standards, has a materials research program that is recognized worldwide. As a non-regulatory agency, NIST is conducting research on dental materials to support the safe, efficient and economical use of materials for the benefit of consumers and the practicing dental professional.The NIST dental materials program is a long-standing model of cooperation between the private sector and government. Researchers from the dental profession, industry and government have worked together for more than 65 years to improve dental materials and devices.NIDR, one of the National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD., is the primary sponsor of dental research and related training in the United States.http://www.nist.gov/public_affairs/releases/tn5948.htm
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Roger Rensberger
Oct. 28, 1993
GOVERNMENT/INDUSTRY COLLABORATE TO DEVELOP MERCURY-FREE DENTAL MATERIAL